Question ID Question Stem Text
1704 Which of following statement about Chlorobiaceae, the green sulfur bacteria, is false?…
1705 The following statement on the differences and similarities between retinal-based phototrophy to cla…
1707 Which of the following undergo anoxygenic photosynthesis?…
1708 Which metabolic pathway(s) generate(s) ATP through substrate level phosphorylation?…
1709 You decide to start farming cocoa trees in Wisconsin (great idea), and you somehow get a successful …
1710 A medium used to cultivate lactic bacteria contains glucose, yeast extract, and tryptone, will it be…
1711 Which one of the following explanations best summarizes the relationship between carotenoids and chl…
1712 Which of the following statements regarding chemoheteroorganotrophs is false?…
1713 When comparing biofilm and planktonic cells, which of the following is true?…
1715 Which of the following is not a reason why purple bacteria is such a good model organism?…
1716 Dr. Paustian heats a solution containing microbes to a temperature that kills most but not all of th…
1717 You want a culture of <i>Bascillus subtilis</i> to reach a concentration of 1 x 10<sup>5</sup> by 3 …
1718 Which of the following problems often encountered during the cheese making process is likely caused …
1719 What mechanism does ATP synthase use to create ATP?…
1720 Chlorophyll and carotenoids in the reaction center have all the following in common EXCEPT...…
1722 Which of the following would be the least likely to act as terminal electron acceptors in anaerobic …
1723 Based on what you know about photosynthesis and the difference between oxygenic and anoxygenic, dete…
1725 Which of the following is false about retinal based phototrophy?…
1726 You are studying how an obligately anaerobic bacterium will react under stressed conditions. Select …
1727 Fred Griffith's transformation study with rough and smooth cells in <i>Streptococcus pneumoniae</i> …
1728 In <i>E. coli</i> what happens if a mutation in symR antisense RNA cause it to not hybridize to SymE…
1729 In an attempt mutagenize <i>Xanthobacter autotrophicus</i> a pRL27 plasmid was mated from <i>E. coli…
1732 Which is an NOT option you may use to preform a screen to isolate or identify a mutant?…
1733 Oh no! You've accidentally exposed so E. coli to a mutagen that causes section 4 on the mRNA transcr…
1734 In quorum sensing in Staphylococcus aureus, there is a mutation in AgrC so that it will never bind t…
1735 In Griffith's classic experiment of rough and smooth cells, the following situation showed that DNA …
1736 You have a culture of bacteria and you want to find mutant cells that are resistant to an antibiotic…
1737 A lithotroph, such as those that oxidize iron, use which of the following as an electron source?…
1738 Which of the following is true of Griffith’s classic experiment with rough and smooth cells in mice?…
1739 You are attempting to grow a bacterial culture in the lab. You plate the culture on a minimal medium…
1741 Which of the following is NOT an important ecological/physiological function of soil microbes?…
1743 You are conducting a study in an ocean environment. What is an example of a microbe you might encoun…
1744 Which of the following is the most direct reason for fish kills after cyanobacterial blooms?…
1745 The <i>trp</i> operon utilizes repression, attenuation, and feedback inhibition. Which of the follo…
1746 You are analyzing the sequences of two bacteria that you collected from the same soil sample. They s…
1747 If an allosteric effector binds itself to a protein via an allosteric site, what will happen?…
1748 You collect a soil sample, extract DNA, and sequence it. After using an assembler you find a 200 kil…
1749 Consider all the regulatory circuits that control the <i>trp</i> operon when answering this question…
1751 In <i>E. coli</i> you have isolated a mutant CAP (also known as CRP) gene that behaves as if cAMP is…
1752 A <i>Vibrio fischeri</i> strain having a mutation in LuxR such that it no longer can bind AHL (acyl-…
1753 It is possible to accurately predict if a bacterium has sections of its DNA from another bacterium (…
1754 Sorcerer II yielded data on an unidentified organism. The organisms genome contains an ORF for a pr…
1756 What is true about catabolic operon and anabolic operon?…
1758 Which of the following statements are true for plasmids in microbes?…
1759 Which of the following sequence of events correctly describes a CRISPR-Cas mechanism?…
1762 There were TT dimers observed in a patient's DNA strands. It is also fixed by photoreactivation. Wha…
1763 When sequencing the genome of a microbe isolated from the environment, you notice that the microbe c…
1764 You grow ten separate cultures of <i>E. coli</i> overnight. Each of these is plated onto ten plates …
1765 You isolate a new organism from the turf of Camp Randall, <i>Bucky badgerous</i> and sequence its en…
1766 You take the bacterium <i>Bucky badgerous</i> and use CRISPR to knock out xylose catabolism by inser…
1767 Which of the following is not a step in CRISPR gene editing?…
1768 What function does CRISPR serve in bacteria?…
1769 In the Ocean at a depth of 150 meters, select the best option to describe the microbe that lives the…
1770 Working in your universities microbiology lab you are asked to identify a microbial species for your…
1771 Which of the following organisms would be expected to be a primary producer around a deep sea ocean …
1772 If a mutation formed in a strain of <i>E. coli</i> that resulted in complete inactivation of the cat…
1773 Which of following statement about plasmids is false?…
1774 You are observing a community of microbes in anaerobic conditions. You observe a large amount of ace…
1775 You take a sample from a lake and discover an Actinobacteria that is producing ATP using ATP synthas…
1776 You cause a mutation to a <i>Vibrio fischeri</i> which deactivates their Luxl activity. A phenotypic…
1777 CRISPR could be a novel new technology in the world of Human Immunodeficiency Virus because it……
1778 What is false about the symbiosis between the tube worm and sulfur oxidizing bacteria?…
1779 Which of the following is true of actinorhodopsin found in acI actinobacteria?…
1781 The scaffolding of cellulose enzymes serves what purpose when degrading cellulose?…
1782 Suppose you have used CRISPR to mutate a microbe to relieve catabolic repression and allow a bacteri…
1784 A riboswitch interacts with _____________________, and if it occupies the ________________________,…
1785 <i>Vibrio fischeri</i> use autoinduction and quorum sensing in order to produce bio-luminescence. Wh…
1786 After a long hard winter in Wisconsin, Fred, a timber rattlesnake, assesses his DNA. He finds a erra…
1789 Why would a fungus break down wood with free radicals instead of enzymes on the cell surface like th…
1790 A mutation occurs within the allosteric site of the repressor that binds to the tryptophan operon, t…
1791 The recently discovered wiscose operon (wisc) produces catabolic genes that degrade wiscose and has …
1793 Which of the following points of regulation is paired correctly with its mechanism?…
1794 Bacteriorhodopsin provides a huge advantage for Archaea under:…
1795 Which of these microbes lives in the ocean, is a thermophile, and uses Fe<sup>3+</sup> as the termin…
1796 You are given a large amount of <i>Nitrobacter winogradskyi</i> which is a nitrite-oxidizing bacteri…
1797 Griffith used two related strains of <i>Streptococcus pnuemoniae</i>, R and S. When grown....…
1800 You isolate a lactose-loving bacterium from your yogurt parfait. However, you realize that the colon…
1801 You are maintaining a culture in the laboratory that is able to grow on minimal medium containing ma…
1802 A severe mutation causes a strand of anti-sense RNA to be unable to bind to its complementary mRNA t…
1808 Which of the following about cellulose degradation by cellulosomes is false?…
1809 What are the phenotypic consequences of a frameshift mutation in <i>lacZ</i>?…
1810 You've isolated a novel bacterial strain and want to understand the makeup of its genome. One method…
1811 Which of the following reasonings are TRUE regarding cyanobacteria growth?…
1812 In a laboratory, you have a sample of <i>Nitrosomonas europea</i> which is an ammonia-oxidizing bact…
1813 What would be the result of a mutation in adenylate cyclase that rendered it completely unfunctional…
1814 A gene frameshift of maltose operon can cause…
1815 Which of the follow is correct regarding primary producers of lakes and deep sea vents?…
1816 Which one of these is NOT a benefit of CRISPR?…
1817 What is the incorrect function of the CAS genes?…
1818 You expose a strain to a transposon containing bacitracin resistance. Then you plate the resulting c…
1819 You accidentally exposed a culture of bacteria to UV light causing mutations in the DNA. What method…
1820 You suspect a mutation in the lac operon of <i>E. coli</i>, causing it to no longer ferment lactose.…
1821 Cyanobacteria usually increase in growth during the spring because...…
1826 A major difference between plasmids and chromosomes is that…
1827 The Hawaiian bobtail squid hides its shadow through a _________ relationship with <i>Vibrio fischeri…
1828 You’re a scientist working with a new bacteria, <i>Buckii badgeris</i> that has no plasmids. Trying …
1830 While examining a strand of DNA you stumble upon a dimer between two thymine bases. What do you susp…
1831 If there is a mutation in region 4 so that it can no longer hybridize with region 3 of the <i>trp</i…
1833 Which of the following is/are true regarding bacteriochlorophyll and rhodopsin?…
1834 Anthranilate synthase is a key enzyme in the tryptophan synthesis pathway. Which of the following co…
1835 All of the following are sites of bacterial gene expression EXCEPT:…
1836 A functional difference between a catabolic operon and an anabolic operon is that…
1839 If there were to be a spontaneous mutation in the allosteric site of CAP *(also known as CRP) that i…
1840 What is a major difference between light driven proton pumps (rhodopsin) and classic photosynthesis?…
1843 It is rare to find mutations in SymR (the antisense RNA that regulates SymE). Why do you think that …
1845 A mutation in DnaK such that it can no longer bind to RpoH (aka &sigma;-32) would result in…
1846 UV light is known to cause pyrimidine dimer mutations within DNA, which is why tanning too much can …
1847 A drug resistance gene transfers from <i>Bacillus cereus</i> to <i>Steptococcus pneumoniae</i>. This…
1849 <i>Thermococcus atlanticus</i> is a primary producer that lives in _____________ and it is a ______…
1852 If there were a mutation in AgrD of <i>S. aureus</i>, such that it does not bind to AgrB, what would…
1854 Which statement is true regarding Fe oxidation in iron-oxidizing microbes and oxidative phosphorylat…
1855 Which is of following are conditions or tests that can be used when selecting to find a desired stra…
1856 <i>Leptospirillum ferrooxidans</i> is the dominant bacterium in the acid mines. It grows by oxidizin…
1857 What of the following properties is true for oligotrophic lakes in comparison to eutrophic lakes?…
1859 When thinking of the role of Cyanobacteria in the lakes (<i>Anabaena</i> sp.) and ocean (<i>Prochlor…
1860 Regarding the carbon cycle, which of the following is true?…
1861 If a spontaneous mutation arose in the Cas9 that inactivate the protein, what would be the result fo…
1862 After a long drought, you examine the soil and want to determine whether or not there are any viable…
1863 All of the following are potential risks of CRISPR except?…
1864 Which of the following is true about the process by which photoautotrophs fix carbon.…
1865 Which of the followings is more likely to cause a thymine dimer mutation?…
1866 Ac1 is a type of actinobacteria found in lakes that uses actinorhodopsin to:…
1867 A mutagen causes part of a genome to undergo a base change, where a cytosine is deaminated leaving u…
1868 Given the major differences between methanotrophs and autotrophs, what is a distinguishing feature t…
1870 Which of the following microbe types would most likely be dominant in an anaerobic, sulfate free env…
1871 Bacterial species such as <i>Flavobacteria</i> increase in number after a Cyanobacteria bloom to deg…
1876 What would be the phenotypic consequence if the AgrC (the protein that binds AIP) in <i>Staphylococc…
1878 Which of the following statements is false when comparing Fe oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation…
1879 How are plasmids are chromosomes different in bacterial cells?…
1880 You've been given the task of altering the DNA sequence of a novel bacteria using CRISPR. What is th…
1881 Researchers have noticed an unusual number of dead fish in Lake Mendota. They test a sample of the l…
1882 The essential difference between a plasmid and a chromosome is:…
1883 Plasmids maintain themselves in their host cell by all of the following except...…
1884 A mutation occurs within the <i>luxI</i> gene of <i>Vibrio fischeri</i>, causing it to no longer fun…
1885 Which of the following species does NOT benefit from a symbiont microbe species that uses N<i>2</i> …
1886 <i>Methylomirabilis oxyfera</i>, a bacterium that uses N-DAMO, uses _____ as an energy source and ge…
1888 Which organism does Cyanobacteria have a nitrogen-fixing partnership with.…
1890 There is a strain of <i>Corynebacterium diphtheriae</i> that seems to be resistant to a multitude of…
1892 One wants to minimize the production of lactose and maximize the production of tryptophan, what is t…
1893 Quorum sensing is advantageous in bacterial cells in all the following ways except...…
1894 Low copy number plasmids rely on the host cell for the following functions...…
1895 Which of the following is/are true about the components of a plasmid…
1896 Which of the following explanations is correct regarding this statement: Brown rot fungi use lignin …
1897 Different species of microbes can share portions of their genomes as well as different individuals w…
1898 During which step of the nitrogen cycle will a facultative anaerobe grow on oxygen if it is availabl…
1899 Which of the following statements regarding Griffith's classic experiment is false?…
1900 You examine a dead deep sea tube worm and determine it died from not having enough organic carbon. W…
1902 Which of the following may contribute to the virulence of a pathogen?…
1903 Which of these would tell you if a microbe has experienced Horizontal Gene Transfer just by using a …
1904 A certain species of E.coli, has a mutation occur in a segment of mRNA called the riboswitch, which …
1905 What would happen to a tube worm if it encountered cyanide ( a respiratory poison)?…
1906 If a mutation occurred in the lac operon and it was no longer functional, what would be the conseque…
1907 Which of the following is not a primary producer at a deep sea ocean vent?…
1910 An E.coli cell is infected by a bacteriophage. The bacterium has CRISPR guide RNA that is able match…
1911 Which of the following is false regarding horizontal gene transfer?…
1913 Which of the following is incorrect regarding rhodopsin and photosynthesis.…
1914 A mutation in the <i>trp</i> operon that causes a deletion of the <i>trpE</i> gene would……
1915 A strain of <i>E. coli</i> has a deletion mutation of <i>malT</i>. If you place the strain in a Rich…
1916 You have found a repressor protein (<i>leuR</i>) that prevents synthesis of leucine in <i>Bucky anon…
1917 Which of the following is not often found on plasmids?…
1918 Which of these microbes involved in the carbon cycle would use methane as a substrate under anaerobi…
1919 You are looking for mutants that are no longer able to synthesize isoleucine. A culture is mutageniz…
1920 Which of the following statements is correct regarding choline and cardiovascular disease (CVD)?…
1921 What is the main reason that vegans fed a steak meal do not have the same TMAO response compared to …
1922 Which of the following is the correct order of steps that occur in the inflammation response? I. …
1923 These cells are a part of the adaptive immune system. They produce antibodies that antigens react wi…
1924 The following cell type does not match the description of its function in the body…
1925 All of the following are true regarding <i>Borrelia burgdorferi</i>, a bacterium that causes Lyme's …
1926 Which of the following is false about virulence and virulence factors?…
1928 What is the function of type III secretion systems in <i>E. coli</i>?…
1929 Which of the following concerning HIV, it's virulence factors, and it's life cycle is incorrect?…
1930 An example of a toxin that results in an over activation of the immune system is:…
1931 Suppose a hypothetical medication is being tested for FDA approval. During clinical trials, the medi…
1932 HIV and HPV are similar in that…
1933 Which of the following statement is incorrect?…
1934 Which of the following is false about the inflammation response?…
1936 Which is a strategy pathogens are known to use to survive inside a phagocyte?…
1939 How do cytotoxic T-cells recognize infected cells in order to kill them?…
1942 Which of the following are reactions leading to the killing of a target cell/pathogen can be mediate…
1943 It has been found that mice with an excess of flavonoid-degrading microbes will:…
1944 When considering acetogens and methanogens, one thing they have in common is...…
1945 Methanogens are often at higher concentrations than sulfate reducers in freshwater sediments, while …
1946 The human microbiota helps humans by…
1947 Which statement regarding Human papillomavirus is false?…
1950 What is the best way to treat a severe, but not yet life-threatening case of <i>Clostridium difficil…
1951 Skunks can harbor Leptospira bacteria without showing symptoms of the disease and transmit it to hum…
1952 Which of the following are NOT ways in which complement kill microbes?…
1953 When considering the oral microbiome, which of the following statements is true.…
1954 A sulfate reducer could form a syntrophic relationship with a purple photosynthetic bacterium that c…
1955 It's the year 2022. A new probiotic firm claims to have formulated a microbiome that if you take it…
1956 Immature T-cells have the potential to react with self-antigens. What of the following mechanisms th…
1960 Given what you know about <i>E. coli</i> and its mode of transmission, how would you reduce its' spr…
1961 After a period of rapid weight loss, which is true?…
1962 The oral microbiota…
1963 Which of the following is true about microbiota in the oral cavity?…
1964 Which statement is false regarding the role of <i>Akkermansia muciniphila</i> in the GI tract?…
1965 Which one of the following body systems are not involved in the immune response?…
1966 Recent research has shown that vegetarians have a one-third lower risk of heart disease than those w…
1967 Phagocytes have oxygen-dependent and oxygen-independent mechanisms to kill engulfed microbes. Which …
1968 Which of the following immune processes is not involved in detecting the presence of a pathogen.…
1969 Hemorrhagic <i>E. coli</i> is found in dairy and beef cattle. They cannot contract the disease. Ther…
1970 Shiga toxin works by…
1971 Which is not a virulence factor of Staphylococcus aureus?…
1973 The Gram-positive pathogen <i>Clostridium difficile</i>…
1974 Would a fecal transplant of the microbiome of a thin individual into an obese individual help them l…
1975 Which is true about monocytes and neutrophils?…
1977 Which correctly matches the shape of the epidemic and its source?…
1978 Which of the following best explains how the complement system is activated…
1979 This virus replicates by having its (+) strand RNA translated into a polyprotein that is then degrad…
1980 Exotoxins have an A:B structure. The B subunit(s) __________, while the A subunit contains the _____…
1981 A characteristic of <i>Borrelia burgdorferi</i> that makes the microbe particularly difficult to dia…
1982 C. difficile is commonly acquired…
1983 A thin moose is seen, isolated from its herd, drinking from a stream in your backyard. Assuming that…
1984 Lyme disease is unique as it uses a microbe that can_____ which is important in its_____…
1985 WHich of the following is not true for <i>Clostridium difficle</i>?…
1987 Which of the following would be the most effective quarantine protocol?…
1988 What is the primary reason we do not commonly see malaria outbreaks in the United States?…
1989 You've just come home from your best friend Tim's holiday dinner party when you start to feel a litt…
1990 What is the KEY difference between exotoxins and endotoxins?…
1992 Which of the following distinguishes influenza’s replication from that of the HIV virus (human immun…
1993 Neurotoxins are an example of _____ , many of which are proteins that are normally _____ by pathogen…
1995 How does the influenza virus copy its genome and disguise it as mRNA for translation in a host cell?…
1997 A boy named Zack is infected with a pathogenic strain of Bucus badgeritis. The bacteria have made it…
1998 How does human papillomavirus cause cancer?…
1999 What are ways pathogens evade defenses of the Innate Immune System?…
2000 Leukocidin is:…
2001 Which of the following is NOT a way that pathogens are directly transmitted from person-to-person?…
2002 Which of the following are cells/receptors involved in HIV pathogenesis? I. CD4 receptor II. CD4 e…
2003 Which of the following is NOT a direct method of disease transmission from human to human…
2004 _________ is an exotoxin that causes damage by _________.…
2005 Lethality of endotoxins is due to…
2006 Where do phagocytes originate?…
2008 Which of the following statements regarding the presence of <i>Akkermansia muciniphila</i> in the an…
2009 Invading cells "hide" from the immune system by...…
2010 Which of the following is FALSE regarding human papillomavirus (HPV)?…
2014 Which of the following is NOT a way that the Complement System kills microbes?…
2016 The main job of phagocytes in the human body is to…
2018 Which of the following is true regarding the AB Shiga toxin of Enterohemorrhagic <i>E. coli</i>?…
2020 Which of the following cell types do NOT have MHC II molecules (are NOT antigen presenting cells)?…
2023 Which of the following is NOT a way in which the body is able to recognize and/or respond to a patho…
2025 According to the Gleam experiment (an infection simulation modeler), how is the spread of a disease …
2026 True or False: Using a GLEAM simulation map, completely restricting travel of patients showing sympt…
2028 Why does only limiting travel for symptomatic people have a negligible effect on disease spread?…
2031 Complications resulting from an EHEC infection (Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome - HUS) can cause…
2033 You got ill from eating at your favorite restaurant. How do you suspect the pathogen causing your sy…
2034 A new microbe, <i>Howardicia sternius</i>, is responsible for a recently discovered disease. Assumin…
2035 Which type of toxin is in the outer membrane of the cell wall and is usually only a problem when the…
2036 Which of the following is not one of the ways that the body detects the presence of a foreign antige…
2037 When observing a Gleam Map, how does Quarantine affect the spread of an infectious disease?…
2038 What is a difference between a neutrophil and monocyte?…
2039 Which of the following statements is false regarding pathogens?…
2040 Which of the following steps of disease often lead to transmission to a new host?…
2041 How is the metabolic role of microbes for humans similar to the metabolic role of microbes for rumin…
2042 Stopping all travel will do what to an epidemic?…
2046 Which of the following statements about Malaria is true?…
2047 In malaria…
2048 Which of the followings about endotoxin and exotoxin is true?…
2049 Which of the following situations would NOT be satisfied by Koch's postulates?…
2050 When considering phagocytes...…
2051 HIV infections can be treated with…
2052 Preventing the spread of <i>Clostridium difficile</i> can best be achieved by…
2053 The HPV can be mitigated by…
2054 <i>Borrelia burgdorferi</i> is…
2055 Of the viruses we talked about, HIV, Rhinovirus, HPV, and Influenza virus, HIV is unique in that.…
2056 &beta;-lactam antibotics inihibit______________, fluoroquinolones stop __________________, and macro…
2057 Vaccines that are in use today to prevent infection are…
2058 We are seeing a rise in vaccine-preventable diseases because…
2059 What best describes the Staphylococcus food poisoning life cycle?…
2060 Which of the following is considered an exotoxin?…
2062 Which is NOT an example of mutualistic symbiosis between host and microbiota?…
2063 Which of the following is NOT true regarding the Chlamydia life cycle?…
2064 You just started your position at a microbiology lab focusing on the human microbiome. You are helpi…
2065 A student was admitted into the hospital for an unknown illness. The student experienced fever, abdo…
2067 In mice fed labeled dietary choline, labeled TMAO…
2068 A patient receives a kidney transplant after experiencing renal failure. This individual is released…
2069 A patient receives a kidney transplant after experiencing renal failure. This individual is released…
2070 Which of the following statements is false when defining a disease?…
2071 Which of these macromolecules would be the weakest antigen?…
2072 Which of the following regarding inflammation is FALSE?…
2073 Which of these is NOT an example of a virulence factor?…
2074 HPV is a virus that causes cancer in humans. Why does HPV cause cancer and many other viruses, such …
2075 If a person suddenly faced a loss of their microbiota inside and outside of their body, what would r…
2076 What is the difference and relationship between reservoirs and carriers?…
2077 The beneficial functions of <i>Staphylococcus epidermis</i>, part of the human microbiota, consist a…
2078 Chlamydia trachomatis affects all of the following areas except for _________.…
2080 Which is not involved with the pathogenesis of EHEC?…
2082 Which situation is an example of syntrophy?…
2083 Which step must occur for the body to kill host cells infected with Chlamydia?…
2084 When combating an epidemic, quarantine is:…
2085 Which of the following mechanisms are not used by T-cells or Antibodies to kill?…
2087 A _____________ pathogen is a virus, bacteria, fungi, or any other biological entity that causes a d…
2089 Which of the following type of vaccines utilizes parts (proteins, sugars, etc.) of a virus to grant …
2091 Which of the following is false regarding disease?…
2092 You work for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and you are attempting to prevent Chronic…
2093 You work for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and you are attempting to prevent Chronic…
2094 You work for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and you are attempting to prevent Chronic…
2095 You work for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and you are attempting to prevent Chronic…
2096 All of the following are ways pathogens evade the immune system EXPECT…
2097 Which of the following is true regarding carriers and reservoirs?…
2098 Which condition will produce the most atherosclerosis?…
2099 Mold (Penicillium) growing on bread is an example of…
2100 Which accurately represents a reservoir?…
2102 All of the following contribute to immunity, except?…
2103 You have a discovered a deadly, rapidly-spreading new virus in the melting glaciers that you call Pa…
2104 Which of the following cell types is NOT recruited in the inflammatory response?…
2105 Imagine you are a doctor working a small clinic. A young woman comes in with a high fever, multiple …
2108 Prior to the attack from a cytotoxic T cell, we need a signal that activates the T cell. Which of th…
2109 Which of the following ways would likely stop the transmission of a prion-caused disease like Chroni…
2111 True or False: Completely restricting travel of everyone, without any exceptions, in the affected ar…
2112 Which organ/tissue is NOT part of the secondary (peripheral) immune system?…
2113 Which of the following is NOT a metabolic trait that is shared between methanogenisis and acetogenes…
2114 True or false, the incidence of <i>Akkermansia muciniphila</i> is higher in people with Crohn’s dise…
2115 Fomites are an important aspect of pathogen transmission, which of the following is true about fomit…
2116 Fomites..…
2117 As a member of the CDC, news that several cases of measles have appeared within a city strike up a m…
2118 Mechanisms of pathogenesis of lyme disease include the following EXCEPT...…
2121 In what ways could a human be affected if all microbes were removed from their body?…
2122 At what stage would the highest amount of endotoxin be released?…
2123 Which is true regarding malaria?…
2124 A diet rich in phosphatidylcholine induces the risk of atherosclerosis.…
2125 A viral disease has emerged and infected a large portion of Madison. Due to commerce limitations tot…
2127 You are working in a laboratory that is trying to culture sulfate-reducing bacteria, from a sample c…
2128 You work as a microbiologist for the CDC. Your boss gives you a potentially disease causing microbe …
2129 How does <i>E. coli</i> attach and remain in the body?…
2131 Adam likes to hunt around the area of Southern Wisconsin. He is disappointed because some of the dee…
2132 Order the following steps of the innate immune response: <br /> I. Neutrophils migrate to the extr…
2133 The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus. What is special about these viruses?…
2134 All of the following are true about <i>C. difficile</i>, except:…
2136 A study in mice is being conducted in which the microbiome of a thin mouse eating normal chow is tra…
2137 Which of the following is false regarding the microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract and the oral …
2139 Which of the following is FALSE about endotoxins and exotoxins?…
2141 A bacterial pathogen, Bucky badgerii has infected a patient's body, how will immune cells react?…
2142 HIV is a disease that can leave the host susceptible to ____…
2143 How does the type III secretion system (T3SS) enable Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) to translocate…
2144 Shiga toxin, an example of an exotoxin, causes damage to the host by…
2145 Which of the following differences between humans and ruminant animals concerning their metabolic fu…
2146 Which of the following is NOT a way that environmental pathogens are transmitted?…
2147 This type of antibody is the first formed in a primary response and has a pentavalent structure (fiv…